Wasting money, or Why inoculants are not always efficient – Bio-gel

Wasting money, or Why inoculants are not always efficient

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Biological preparations containing bacteria (known as inoculants) appeared some 20 years ago and have both supporters and opponents among farmers all over the world. The replacement of chemical fertilizers (primarily, nitrogen) with biological ones which are made by microorganisms from the air and organic debris in the soil, has caused a real revolution in agriculture. It would seem that the mankind has received “bank guarantees” for eternity. The end of the era of chemicals seemed not far off! But ...

Bacteria – “mollycoddle” grown artificially at biofactories die quickly getting into adverse conditions of dry or overcooled soils, acid residues of chemical fertilizers and soil pathogenic fungi, thus burying the farmer’s hopes for a rich harvest.

life span of these bacteria is not longer than several weeks or hardly several months. Besides, during the first week their number drops from billions to millions, that is, thousand times.

This gave us an idea to create unique inoculants which would survive under any stress conditions.

«Such bacteria-fighters can survive under extreme conditions of cold spring and dry summer, violent use of chemicals and hostile bacterial microflora in soil.

Besides, we have provided these bacteria with necessary “ammunition” in the form of a starter feed which is easily digested and ensures a population outbreak of the bacteria and their “allies” – symbiotic microorganisms inhabiting soil. Thus the inoculant positive effect has been ensured.

As a result of numerous experiments and practical tests we have produced such inoculants which have certain advantages compared to the artificial ones.


7 INOCULANTS ADVANTAGES

  • Inoculants practically triple the biological nitrogen entry into soil. Atmospheric nitrogen fixation by microbial products compensates nitrogen losses with yields, thus making chemical fertilizers unnecessary. Consequently negative load on soils is reduced. Thus, nitrogen fixation after inoculation amounts to 0.1-0.15 t/ha in soybean cultivation.
  • Inoculants promote root system development stimulating phosphorous absorption by plants and P2O5 rising from the lower soil layers to the upper ones. Inoculation is a kind of biological pump which enriches the upper fertile soil layer with phosphorous.
  • Inoculants significantly increase the assimilation of the introduced chemical fertilizers. Te assimilation of mineral nitrogen is known not to exceed 50%, phosphorous – 20-25%, potassium – 40-60%. The remaining part of fertilizers contaminates soil making it dead, unsuitable for beneficial micro- and macro-organisms living. As a result of symbiosis of the introduced inoculants and root system plant nutrition is activated making chemical fertilizers more digestible.
  • Inoculants increase plant germination capacity which leads to quicker and more even sprouting. The proportion of sprouted seeds is usually 3-4% higher than that of non-inoculated ones. Plant development rate, stem formation, the intensity of photosynthesis are also increasing.
  • Drought and winter resistance increase, primarily due to the intensive development of root system, secondly, to the more active accumulation of polysaccharides which increase plant resistance to low temperatures. The penetration of the developed roots into the lower soil layers increases moisture inflow, especially under the drought.
  • Inoculants reduce significantly the expenditures, mainly by reducing the amount of NPK chemical fertilizers up to their complete rejection and transition to organic farming.
  • Inoculants reduce the amount of nitrates and accordingly increase the content of amino acids and protein in crops. The increased absorption of nitrogen by inoculated plants does not increase the amount of nitrates in the finished product. Plant nitrates are actively used in amino acids and protein synthesis.

6 BIO-GEL ADVANTAGES

  • Universality. Bio-gel contains several strains of natural beneficial (symbiotic) bacteria, so it can be used for all types of crops in contrast to other inoculants developed on the basis of microorganisms specific to a certain type of plant. The high efficiency of such preparations for some crop does not guarantee a positive result for another.
  • Use under extreme conditions. Its effective use under the conditions of drought, frosts, chemicals application as well as ensuring plant survival at extremely high temperatures makes Bio-Gels a natural adaptogen which really increases the chance to save and increase cropyields under extreme climatic conditions and in man-made situations. As a result of using the unique HTD-technology® for the production of "pure" microbial preparations which is fundamentally different from the technologies used in biofactories, it is possible to grow "hardened" bacteria that withstand temperatures from minus 20 ° C to plus 80 ° C.
  • The starter feed (prebiotic) creates optimal conditions for the growth of bacteria contained in "Bio-gel", when they enter the soil. The feed contains from 20% to 40% of polysaccharides, amino acids, enzymes, trace elements, vitamins, minerals, fatty acids which are necessary for plant nutrition and bacteria reproduction. "Starter" also gives impetus to the development of beneficial, mainly nitrogen-fixing microorganisms living in the soil. "Bacterial explosion" due to easily-assimilable "starter" promotes quick colonization of the root system of many crops, displacing the phytopathogenic fungi.
  • Fungicidal activity. It helps to quickly occupy an ecological niche and prevent the development of pathogenic microorganisms. Unlike classical microbial preparations applied to seed material, Bio gel is effectively used to spray vegetating plants on a leafy surface.
  • Enhancement of herbicide action. It has been experimentally proved that herbicide doses can be reduced by 30-50% during chemical weed killings. This allows to really reduce the chemical load on the cultivated soil.
  • Comprehensive action. The presence in Bio-gel of a large number of active phytohormones, amino acids, macro- and trace elements in an available form makes it possible to activate plant immune system regardless of the preparation microbial component, to obtain a higher quality full-value crop.